big·ot (bĭg’ət)
n. One who is strongly partial to one's own group, religion, race, or politics and is intolerant of those who differ.
[French, excessively religious person, religiously intolerant person, from Old French, Norman person, excessively religious person, of unknown origin.]
Word History: The ultimate origin of the word bigot is unknown. When bigot first appears in Old French, it is as an insulting term for a Norman. A colorful story is often told about the origin of the term with Rollo, the pagan Viking conqueror who received Normandy as a fief from Charles III of France in 911. Rollo converted to Christianity for the occasion, but it is said that he refused to complete his oath of fealty to the king by kissing the king's feet and said Ne se bi got, "Never, by God!" in a mishmash of Old French and a Germanic language. This bi got then became a term of abuse for the Normans. This story is certainly false, but some scholars have proposed that Old French bigot did indeed originate as a reference to be Gode!—the Old and early Middle English equivalent of Modern English by God!, perhaps as a phrase that some Normans picked up in their English possessions in England and then used back in France. Later, in the 1400s, the French word bigot appears as a term of abuse for a person who is excessively religious. It is not clear, however, that this word bigot, "excessively religious person," is in fact the direct descendant of the Old French slur that was applied to the Normans. Rather, this bigot may come directly from Middle English bi God, "by God," or an equivalent phrase in one of the Germanic relatives of English such as German bei Gott or Dutch bij God. But even this is uncertain. In any case, English borrowed bigot from French with the sense "religious hypocrite" in the early 17th century. In English, the term also came to be applied to persons who hold stubbornly to any system of beliefs, and by extension, persons who are intolerant of those that differ from them in any way.

Word Histories. 2014.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • bigot — bigot …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • bigot — bigot, ote [ bigo, ɔt ] adj. et n. • XVe ; surnom des Normands 1155; a. angl. bî god (by god) « par Dieu » 1 ♦ Qui manifeste une dévotion outrée et étroite. ⇒ bondieusard, calotin, cul bénit, dévot. Un homme hypocrite et bigot. ⇒vieilli cafard,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • bigot — bigot, ote 1. (bi go, go t ; le t se lie : un bigot insensé, dites : un bi go t insensé ; au pluriel l s se lie : des bigots insensés, dites : des bi go zinsensés ; bigots rime avec repos, dos, faux, travaux, etc.) adj. 1°   Qui est livré à une… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • bigot — BIGÓT, Ă, bigoţi, te, adj., s.m. şi f. (Persoană) care urmează cu mare severitate toate preceptele rituale ale unei religii; (om) habotnic; bisericos. – Din fr. bigot. Trimis de paula, 10.09.2008. Sursa: DEX 98  BIGÓT adj., s. (bis.) fanatic,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Bigot — ist der Name folgender Personen: Christophe Bigot (* 1965), französischer Diplomat Eugène Bigot (1888–1965), französischer Komponist, Dirigent und Musiklehrer Georges Bigot (1860–1927), französischer Karikaturist und Illustrator Jules Bigot… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • bigot — BIGOT, OTE. adj. Dévot outré et superstitieux. Il est bigot. Elle est bigote. Airs bigots. Manières bigotes. [b]f♛/b] Il est aussi substantif. Faire le bigot. C est un vrai bigot. Un franc bigot. Une vieille bigote …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • bigot — BIGOT. [big]ote. adj. Hypocrite, faux devot. Homme bigot. femme bigote. Il est plus souvent subst. Faire le bigot. c est un vray bigot, un franc bigot. Il se prend aussi quelquefois pour, Superstitieux. Les scrupules des bigots font tort à la… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Bigot — Big ot, n. [F. bigot a bigot or hypocrite, a name once given to the Normans in France. Of unknown origin; possibly akin to Sp. bigote a whisker; hombre de bigote a man of spirit and vigor; cf. It. s bigottire to terrify, to appall. Wedgwood and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bigot — (n.) 1590s, sanctimonious person, religious hypocrite, from Fr. bigot (12c.), of unknown origin. Earliest French use of the word is as the name of a people apparently in southern Gaul, which led to the now doubtful, on phonetic grounds, theory… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Bigot — Big ot, a. Bigoted. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] In a country more bigot than ours. Dryden. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bigot — noun die hard, doctrinaire, dogmatic theorist, dogmatist, dogmatizer, energumen, extremist, fanatic, illiberal, infatuate, intolerant, ipse dixit, know all, know it all, monomaniac, opinionated person, opinionist, persecutor, ranter, redneck,… …   Law dictionary

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